This article will cover:
- Highly Qualified Hospitals for Liver Transplant in India
- Rich Experience surgeons of Liver Transplant in India
- The expense of Liver Transplant in India
- Knowing Liver Transplant
- Best Liver Transplant Doctors and Hospitals in India
India is well-known and highly recognized destination for organ surgeries. India provides world-class liver transplant hospitals at par with international measures that successfully achieve the intricate liver transplant operation to treat severely damaged liver that cannot work properly. The world-class hospital infrastructure in India has the technologically advanced, structure for the organ transplant.
India has some of the best globally acclaimed specialists with a high level of expertise and background, who operate the complex and sophisticated state-of-the-art liver transplantation surgery. The Thousands of proceedings, the Indian doctors manage every year; They have an uppermost hand in dealing with all types of complications in such difficult surgeries.
Liver Transplant Cost in India
Liver transplant is a costly procedure. The average value of liver transplant in India is between USD $32,000-48,000 depending upon the hospitals, specialist and other medical requirements.
There will be some recurring expenditures on medicines, follow-up evaluation post-transplant surgery. After the transplantation, for the first 5 to 6 months. You would be spending around USD$ 300 per month; another 6 months the expense per month would be approx USD$ 200; and thereafter USD $100-200 for a few months. The expense may vary with patients considering their medical conditions.
Knowing Liver Transplant
A liver transplant is a surgical method in which a diseased liver is fully or partially replaced with a healthy one from a donor. A Liver transplant mostly recommended to liver failure patient. This can not be cured with medicine and the only option is a liver transplant.
Liver Transplant Procedure
The following Liver Complications that may lead to Liver Transplantation :
- Viral hepatitis (Hepatitis, B, C, and D)
- Liver Cirrhosis (alcoholic liver disease)
- Auto-immune hepatitis which commences to cirrhosis and liver failure
- Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) and Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC), progressive diseases that cause liver failure
- Biliary Atresia in children
- Liver tumors
- Metabolic and genetic disorders, such as alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency, hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease, and polycystic liver disease
- Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) and Non-Alcoholic Steato Hepatitis (NASH)
- Before reading the nod for the liver transplant surgery, the medical team will evaluate the austerity of your disease; history of any co-morbid ailments and infections; overall common physical and psychological condition.
Types of Liver Transplant
Living Donor Liver Transplant (LDLT)
Just half of the liver donors are available for transplant. This does not harm the donor’s health as our liver has the drift to regenerate or to regrow. And the new liver grows back; and recover its complete functionality within 2 to 3 weeks of the Liver transplantation in both the recipient and donor. A living donor transplant surgery span is slightly longer as compared to the cadaveric transplant. The donor Hospital stay is compulsory for the period 7 to 10 days. Further a donor advised rest at home around 2 to 3 weeks.
The reality is liver transplant is a safe mode both for the donor and the recipient.
Deceased/Cadaveric Donor Liver Transplant (DDLT)
Organ donation is still in its origin stage in India owing to lack of awareness and fables surrounding it.
DDLT procedure includes the transferal of complete liver from the deceased donor; whose brain deadened to the patient. The liver removed from the body within 8 hours of the person’s death. Post the liver retrieval from the defunct donor, the liver can cautiously be preserved in specific preservative solutions for up to 12 to15 Hrs. before the transplant surgery.
Cadaveric livers are not quickly available and there is a large waiting list may be up to a few months or year. Kind of donor generally reported in 0.01% cases among waiting patients. The priority beneficiary is decided on the basis of the sharpness of the disease and also first-come-first-served.
The incidence of Liver Transplant
There is an increase in liver complications and negligence towards its subsequent treatment. No surprise after kidney transplantation, a liver transplant is the next most prevalent transplant surgery suggested by the doctors with good prophecy. However, due to the absence of knowledge about the available facilities, unavailability of the donor, and the high sacrifice of the cost for the surgery, not all opt for this method of treatment. There are also many conclusions and fears surrounding organ transplant.
But you should be knowledgeable that liver transplant is a curative surgery and the preponderance return to normal lives after transplant surgery. Thanks to the progress in medical science.
Liver transplant is a major surgery that demands a high level of care, pre- and post-transplant to avoid any risk that may humiliate its benefits. It is important to understand the method and be well-informed about the treatment for solid results.
Who are eligible to donate liver in India?
- In India, a donor should be a valid blood-relative to the patient.
- Grant liver on his/her free will,
- Age between 18 to 55 years can give a part of her/his liver.
- Body weight should between 50 to 85 kg (should not be obese or overweight/underweight)
- The liver donor should have the equal blood group as patient or O group
- Psychologically or Medically fit and healthy for surgery.
- Primary Tests required before preparing a Liver Transplant
- Doppler ultrasound of the abdomen
- Pathological Tests (complete blood count(CBC), liver function test, kidney function test, serology screening, prothrombin time and blood group)
- CT scan of the abdomen
- ECG, Echocardiogram, and stress measurement to evaluate heart function
- UGI endoscopy/ fibroscan of liver
Liver Transplant Procedure
Pre-evaluation process for Liver transplant:
Once your surgeon decides that liver transplant is the only choice to cure the liver disease, he checks if the sufferer is fit enough for the surgical procedure via a series of examinations before the surgery.
Register with liver transplant hospital:
After a precise evaluation and approval by a team of liver transplant surgeons and gastroenterologist. The case has to get registered at a high-end tertiary care liver transplant hospital as a candidate for a transplant.
Getting a donor’s liver:
The next step is determining the right liver patron for the patient. If you receive a live donor whose medical blueprints matches with the patient. The surgery can be proposed within a specified time while in case of the cadaveric/deceased donor. There would be a prolonged wait of a few months to get an analogous liver. Often hospitals encourage the patient to get equaling cadaveric donor or support to connect with the organizations who work in finding the proper organ donor.
Once the donor’s liver is received the sanitarium immediately communicates the registered patient (recipient) for preoperative evaluation via series of tests (CT scan, blood tests with viral markers, MRI, and cardiac function test, etc.)
Undergoing liver transplant surgery:
In the instance of a cadaveric transplant, once the donor’s liver is suited, the medical team commences the procedure rapidly after the new liver arrives at the hospital. In case of a live donor liver transplant, after the set of preoperative tests of both the sufferer and the donor.
The transplant is planned on a proposed date. The surgery of both the donor & recipient starts together. The liver transplant surgery can last for about 10 to14 hours. This time can be even more with a case of a live donor transplant.
Post-operation hospital stay:
The hospital stay is mandatory for the liver donor. This is about three weeks while the donor is discharged within 7 to 10 days.
Recovery Time after the liver transplant
Improvement after the liver transplant is a continuous process and mostly depends upon the patient’s physical condition before the liver transplant. It takes nearly a year for complete recovery. Although you can get back to normal activities after 3 months of transplantation. For fast recovery and best effects, it is necessary to follow the suggested directions and all the precautions after the surgery proffered by your doctor.
Immuno-suppressant medicines have to be acknowledged as advised by the treating doctor. They are essential to combat the risk of your body repudiating the new liver.
After a liver transplant, you require to do constant follow-up doctor visits with the gastroenterology department. Adhere to a healthy diet regime and do daily exercises after discussing the treating doctor.
Precautions after Liver Transplant Surgery
- Maintain important standards of hygiene to bypass any infection
- Stop from alcohol and smoking
- Drink treated or boiled water
- Follow the recommended exercise regime
- Cling to a healthy diet
International patients in India for a liver transplant
Indian hospitals served a large number of international patients from Africa, the GCS countries, South Asia, U.S., UK, etc proceeding here for liver transplant surgery. The reason being although one of the costly procedures, in India. The liver transplant is still very reasonable option for developed countries. The surgery in India is at par with developed countries available at 1/20th of cost in the U.S. or UK.
Note (for foreign patients):
Besides South Asian nations i.e. SARC (Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), every year, India captures thousands of medical tourists from African countries- Ethiopia, Nigeria, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, Ghana, Gambia, Somalia, etc., and Middle Eastern countries like Saudi Arabia, Oman, Iraq, Iran, UAE, Yemen etc.
Therefore, if you are a resident of any of these nations. There is a good probability that you will be meeting some fellow residents of the city or same language speakers in the major Indian hospitals. Almost all the top hospitals have interpreter/translators for people of this province. Our patient support team is much experienced and well qualified to assist you.